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Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference

Author: Justin E. H. Smith

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400866311

Category: Philosophy

Page: 312

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People have always been xenophobic, but an explicit philosophical and scientific view of human racial difference only began to emerge during the modern period. Why and how did this happen? Surveying a range of philosophical and natural-scientific texts, dating from the Spanish Renaissance to the German Enlightenment, Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference charts the evolution of the modern concept of race and shows that natural philosophy, particularly efforts to taxonomize and to order nature, played a crucial role. Smith demonstrates how the denial of moral equality between Europeans and non-Europeans resulted from converging philosophical and scientific developments, including a declining belief in human nature's universality and the rise of biological classification. The racial typing of human beings grew from the need to understand humanity within an all-encompassing system of nature, alongside plants, minerals, primates, and other animals. While racial difference as seen through science did not arise in order to justify the enslavement of people, it became a rationalization and buttress for the practices of trans-Atlantic slavery. From the work of François Bernier to G. W. Leibniz, Immanuel Kant, and others, Smith delves into philosophy's part in the legacy and damages of modern racism. With a broad narrative stretching over two centuries, Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference takes a critical historical look at how the racial categories that we divide ourselves into came into being.
Modern Philosophies of Human Nature
Language: en
Pages: 265
Authors: Peter E. Langford
Categories:
Type: BOOK - Published: 1986 - Publisher:

Books about Modern Philosophies of Human Nature
Modern Philosophies of Human Nature
Language: en
Pages: 265
Authors: P. Langford
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 1986-07-31 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

General Argument My aim is to survey some of the most influential philosophical writers on human nature from the time that Augustine codified Christian belief to the present. During this period philosophical opinions about human nature underwent a transformation from the God-centered views of Augustine and the scholastics to the
Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference
Language: en
Pages: 312
Authors: Justin E. H. Smith
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-06-30 - Publisher: Princeton University Press

People have always been xenophobic, but an explicit philosophical and scientific view of human racial difference only began to emerge during the modern period. Why and how did this happen? Surveying a range of philosophical and natural-scientific texts, dating from the Spanish Renaissance to the German Enlightenment, Nature, Human Nature,
A Treatise of Human Nature
Language: en
Pages: 455
Authors: David Hume
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003-01-01 - Publisher: Courier Corporation

Unpopular in its day, David Hume's sprawling, three-volume 'A Treatise of Human Nature' (1739-40) has withstood the test of time and had enormous impact on subsequent philosophical thought. Hume's comprehensive effort to form an observationally grounded study of human nature employs John Locke's empiric principles to construct a theory of
Human Nature and Politics in Utopian and Anti-Utopian Fiction
Language: en
Pages: 100
Authors: Nivedita Bagchi
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-10-15 - Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

This book examines conceptions of human nature and how such ideas impact the political arrangements in the works ofThomas More, Edward Bellamy, Aldous Huxley, and George Orwell. By teasing out the underlying conceptions of human nature in these novels, this book links the ontology of their works directly to their